National Education Policy (NEP) 2020| Revolution in Education after 34 years

According to the National Education Policy (NEP), the Ministry of Education has unveiled on July 30, 2020. The urging policy shares ideas to revamp education, teaching, and assessment systems in schools, colleges, and teachers’ professional-level training. Here is a list of fundamental policy changes that have been announced and what it means for you:

School System

The previously known 10+2 system will get bisected into 5+3+3+4 format. The first five years of schooling will comprise the foundation stage, including three years of pre-primary school and standards 1 and 2. The next three years will be split into a preparatory phase from grades 3 to 5, three years of middle stage (grades 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (grades 9 to 12). All the Course Curriculum and vocational subjects like sports, arts, commerce, science will be treated at the equivalent level. However, students can opt for courses as per their preferences. Students will take up coding from class 6 onward. Some top skills, such as Analytics, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity, will be taught in the school phase.

The Report cards

Peers and teachers will review the report cards of students. AI-Based software could be developed and used by students to track their employability and skill-growth throughout their school years based on optimal learning data and collective questionnaires for parents, students, and teachers. For tracking purposes, students will take school examinations in standard 3, 5, and 8, which will be conducted by the concerned department.

Board exam

Class 10 and 12 are likely to be held in two difficulty levels, where students will get a second chance at board examination to improve their aggregate. They will be free to take up various courses irrespective of the stream division of arts, commerce, and science. ” Best-of-two-attempts, assessments that primarily test core capacities must be the prompt key reforms to all board exams,” the NEP stated. A new system of the semester or modular board exams will be developed to test far less resource, and taken immediately after the corresponding course is taught in school, so the pressure from reviews is better distributed and less intense.

Language policy

The policy states should be “home language or mother tongue or local/regional language.” After that, the home language should continue to be taught as a language. The final policy gives the state, region, and child freedom to choose three words to be grasped. 

The Common Entrance Exam (CEE)

From school to college, it is recommended that there be a single channel gateway. The National Testing Agency will conduct a joint entrance examination (CEE) for admissions to universities. A standard aptitude test and specialized subject exams in the humanities, science, languages, Vocational, and Arts subjects, will take place at least twice every year. It will allow “most universities to use this CEE(common entrance exams) – rather than having hundreds of universities each conducting their entrance exams, thereby reducing the burden on students, colleges and universities,” according to NEP. It is not mandatory and will be up to individual universities and colleges to use NTA assessments.

The Exit point

“Graduate-level, master’s and doctoral education in large multidisciplinary universities, while providing rigorous research-based specialization,” by NEP. The UG Degree will be of either three or four-year duration, with more than one exit option. After completing one year in a particular discipline, students will get a certificate, including a diploma after two years of study, vocational and professional areas, or a Bachelor’s degree after a three-year program. The four-year program may also lead to a degree ‘with a Research paper” if the student can complete a research project in their major area(s) of study.

Educational technology

It is an autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), which will be created to provide a platform consisting of free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration, and so on, both for school and higher education. One of the permanent tasks of the NETF will be to categorize emergent technologies based on their potential and estimated timeframe for disruption and present this analysis to MHRD periodically. Based on these inputs, MHRD will formally identify those technologies whose emergence demands responses from the education system. Content will be available in regional languages also.

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